SID's five Short Courses offer a thorough introduction to topic fundamentals for students, scientists, and engineers looking to expand their technical breadth into a new area. The four-hour Short Courses offer additional technical depth, as compared to  SID's 20-minute Symposium talks and 90-minute Seminars, which generally focus on the latest developments in specific technical areas.

2024 Short Course Chair: Neetu Chopra 

Sunday, May 12, 2024



Room: LL21ABC

Time: 9:00 am – 1:00 pm


S-1: Fundamentals and Applications of TFTs

Jae Kyeong Jeong


Hanyang University

Seung Hee Nam 

Research Fellow 

LG Display 

In part one, Jae Kyeong Jeong will present a concise course covering the fundamental principles of thin-film transistor (TFT) device physics and fabrication processes. The primary focus will delve into the rationale behind material selection, device architectures, and strategies for enhancing the performance of oxide TFTs. Additionally, the session will explore the essential unit processes and integration techniques used in the established low-temperature polysilicon (LTPS) TFTs. A comparative analysis between LTPS and oxide TFTs will be provided, highlighting their respective advantages and limitations. This discussion will offer valuable insights into the emerging low-temperature polycrystalline oxide (LTPO) technology. Finally, the presentation will address the underlying mechanisms responsible for device instabilities, including carrier trapping, hot carrier injection, and joule heating. 

In part two, Seung Hee Nam will introduce various thin-film transistor (TFT) devices, processes, and characteristics used in OLED display experiments and fabrications. He will explain how these TFT devices are utilized in display applications, and will examine the manufacturing processes, issues, and features of each type of TFT device in actual industrial settings. In particular, the course will focus on the characteristics and recent issues of oxide TFTs in the display industry.


Jae Kyeong Jeong, a professor in the Department of Electronic Engineering at Hanyang University in Seoul, Korea, earned his BS and PhD in materials science and engineering from Seoul National University in 1997 and 2002. Notably, as a project leader at Samsung SDI, Jeong led groundbreaking research in oxide TFTs, showcasing the world's largest 12.1-in. oxide TFT-driven AMOLED display in 2008. His research expanded to include novel devices such as oxide TFTs, flexible electronics, CMOS TFTs, and memory technologies. With over 197 SCI journal papers and 120 international patents, Jeong holds an H-index of 63 and over 25,000 citations per Google Scholar. He became a member of the National Academy of Engineering of Korea (NAEK) in 2021 and serves on the editorial boards of Scientific Reports. Throughout his career, Jeong has received numerous awards, including the Merck Grand Award (2023) and the Distinguished Paper Award from SID (2008).

Seung Hee Nam is currently a research fellow at the R&D Center of LG Display. He joined LG Display after earning his BS and MS in physics from Kyungbook University, where he studied radiography and X-ray sensors. He joined LG Display in 2010, contributing to research of plasma and new process technologies for display backplanes. He received his PhD in applied physics at Yonsei University for researching the oxide TFT in 2012. Then he rejoined LG Display as team leader of a TFT process technology team, developing vacuum, patterning, and process integration of backplanes for OLED displays. He is currently focusing on smart processes using AI/VD for highly stable TFT processes in the field of displays.



Room: LL21ABC 

Time: 3:00 pm – 7:00 pm

S-2: Organic Light Emitting Diodes – State-of-the-Art and New Frontiers for the Display Industry and Beyond

Malte C. Gather

University of Cologne, University of St. Andrews

As solid-state light sources based on amorphous organic semiconductors, organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are now widely used in modern smartphone displays and TVs. The molecular nature of organic semiconductors means that the entire arsenal of organic chemistry is available to enhance and tune the properties of OLEDs. In addition, the materials used in OLEDs have an amorphous morphology and can be processed by thermal evaporation in high vacuum or even be printed. This opens possibilities to tailor and optimize device performance through stacking of different materials and numerous types of optical optimization. It also allows direct and monolithic integration of OLEDs on a vast variety of substrates, from large glass panels with TFT backplanes to silicon chips and mechanically flexible plastic films. This compatibility with different substrates sets OLED technology apart from most other lighting technologies and has been crucial to their success in the display industry. 


This course will review the basic properties of OLEDs, the material classes currently being developed for the next generation of even more efficient OLED displays, and methods for device fabrication in an R&D environment. Specific focus will be on optical considerations, including characterization of overall efficiency, optimization of outcoupling efficiency and spectral characteristics, and the importance of transition dipole orientation. Time permitting, emerging applications of OLEDs in the biomedical arena will also be discussed. 


Malte C. Gather is Humboldt Professor and founding director at the Centre for Nano- and Biophotonics at University of Cologne and holds a co-appointment at University of St Andrews. His research interests are at the interface of photonics and material science, with particular focus on OLEDs and light-matter coupling, and applications of these to information displays and biophotonics. He studied physics and material sciences at RWTH Aachen University and Imperial College London and received his PhD from University of Cologne in 2008. He previously worked at University of Iceland, Harvard University, TU Dresden and University of St Andrews.


Room: LL21DEF

Time: 9:00 am – 1:00 pm

S-3: Waveguides for Mixed Reality: Principles and Applications

Andreas Georgiou

Independent Consultant

Reality Optics, Ltd.

Future mixed-reality headsets will undoubtedly use waveguides to achieve a spectacle form factor and, if required, optical see-through. Mixed-reality waveguides were unheard of 10 years ago but are now receiving billions of dollars in investment. This course will present the operating principles for diffractive and reflective waveguides and give examples of their use in existing MR products. The gratings theory is described for diffractive waveguides, emphasizing the k-space representation. Different grating technologies are then presented, including Volume Bragg Gratings (VBGs), Surface Relief Gratings (SRGs), and Polarization Gratings. Reflective waveguides are also described, including their manufacturing methods, advantages over diffractive waveguides, and shortcomings. Finally, the operation of a few existing waveguide-based headsets is described. At the end of the course, the attendee will understand the primary function of the waveguide as a combiner and an exit pupil expander and learn the different approaches to creating one. 

Andreas Georgiou is an independent consultant with Reality Optics, Ltd., with a particular interest in computational problems in optics. He has worked in diffractive optics for over two decades and over a decade in mixed-reality optics. Georgiou enjoys innovating with head-mounted displays, three-dimensional displays, and sensors by combining physics, mathematics, engineering, and software. Before his current position, he has worked with many product groups at Microsoft (Surface, HoloLens, Azure, and Kinect), developed micro-confocal endoscopes for surgery, designed space instruments for Mars, and developed the first truly holographic display. He obtained his Ph.D. in optics from the University of Cambridge and is also an engineering research fellow at Robinson College, Cambridge. He has over 30 patents and over 20 peer-reviewed publications on head-mounted displays, data storage, holographic displays, and data transmission.


Room: LL21DEF

Time: 3:00 pm – 7:00 pm


S-4: Quantum Dots for Displays: From the Basics to Next-Generation Applications

Ilan Jen-La Plante

Senior Staff Scientist



Carissa Eisler

Assistant Professor

 UCLA Samueli School of Engineering

Following decades of research and development, quantum dots (QDs) have now become a mainstay of display technology. The power and utility of QDs relies on quantum size effects, which emerge as a material is shrunk to nanoscale dimensions and open an entirely new toolbox to control the absorption and emission of light. Based on this precise control, QDs can deliver unrivaled display brightness, color volume, and responsiveness across a wide variety of platforms and formats. This short course presentation will cover the basics of QD operation from physics to chemistry to optics, discuss the ways these materials can be optimized to perform in specific display applications, and finally address continued areas of research to unlock the displays of tomorrow. 


Ilan Jen-La Plante is a senior staff scientist at Nanosys, where she leads photoluminescent quantum-dot (QD) materials development. As a member of the R&D team since 2016, she has contributed to many of Nanosys’ commercial technologies, including the development of bright and narrow heavy-metal free QDs for QD enhancement film technology, highly absorptive QDs for QD color conversion, and QD encapsulation methods to enable operation without external gas barrier films. In addition to her work at Nanosys, she has studied QD nanomaterials at the University of California, Berkeley, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, and Columbia University where her research has resulted in >30 peer-reviewed publications and >10 patent applications (six granted).


Carissa Eisler is an assistant professor in the Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department at UCLA. She received her BS in chemical engineering from UCLA, and her MS and PhD with Harry Atwater from Caltech, specializing in spectrum-splitting, concentrating optics for ultra-high efficiency solar cell modules. Before coming to UCLA, she was a postdoctoral scholar with Paul Alivisatos at UC Berkeley, researching luminescent solar concentrators. Her current research interests converge at the intersection of photonics and chemistry, integrating optical design, materials chemistry, and transport phenomena to understand the complex propagation of light and energy through nanostructured materials for applications in solar energy, lighting, and photonic circuits.. Eisler was the recipient of the UCLA Society of Hellman Fellows Award (2021), the UCLA AIChE Chapter Professor of the Year Award (2021), and the NSF Faculty Early Career Award (2023). She is passionate about teaching and mentoring the next generation of scientists and engineers who will address the interdisciplinary challenges of global energy usage and production. 




Room: LL20AB

Time: 9:00 am – 1:00 pm

S-5: The MicroLED Disruption of the Display Industry

Nikhil Balram


Mojo Vision

MicroLED is a once-in-a-generation disruption of the entire display market, using advanced technologies from the semiconductor industry. MicroLED will enable personal AI glasses and immersive XR glasses by offering ultra-high brightness and dynamic range, low power consumption, and compact form factor. It will scale from near-eye-displays all the way to large TVs and video walls, supporting all display applications with higher efficiency and greater image quality. MicroLED will make possible classical science fiction concepts like hand-held, table-top and wall-size transparent displays, lightfield tables and walls for entertainment, productivity and education, and form-fitted vehicular displays. This course will begin with first principles explaining the basic structure that enables MicroLED devices to emit light efficiently. It will explain the approaches being used to achieve RGB at various sizes and the primary challenges that must be overcome to achieve scale. It will include demos that showcase the state of the art and discuss some of the exciting applications for this breakthrough technology.  


Nikhil Balram has over 30 years of experience in the semiconductor and display industries. He is currently CEO of Mojo Vision, a Silicon Valley start-up developing microLED displays. Past executive roles include CEO of EyeWay Vision Inc., a start-up developing immersive AR glasses; head of the display group at Google, responsible for developing display systems for all Google consumer hardware, including AR and VR; CEO of Ricoh Innovations Corporation; VP and GM of Digital Entertainment BU at Marvell; and CTO of the Display Group at National Semiconductor. He has received numerous awards including the Otto Schade Prize from the Society for Information Display (SID) and a Gold Stevie Award for Executive of the Year in the electronics category, and has over 130 US and international patents granted or pending. Balram is a Fellow of the SID and was general chair for Display Week 2021 and program chair for Display Week 2019. He received his BS, MS, and PhD in electrical engineering from Carnegie Mellon University.